Achilles Foot and Ankle Specialist
Bunions, Heel Pain, Diabetic Care

  • Metatarsalgia ( foot pain in ball) Pain in the area between the arch and toes, or ball of the foot, is generally called metatarsalgia. The pain usually centers on one or more of the five bones (metatarsals) in this mid-portion of the foot. Also known as dropped metatarsal heads,metatarsalgia can cause abnormal weight distribution due to overpronation.
  • Metatarsalgia occurs when one of the metatarsal joints becomes painful or inflamed. People often develop a callus under the affected joint. Metatarsalgia also can be caused by arthritis, foot injury (from sports, a car accident, or repeated stress). Hard surfaces (cement or tile floors), and specific footwear (rigid-soled work boots).
  • A simple change of shoes may solve the problem. In more severe cases, custom orthotics may be prescribed by alleviate the pain and prevent overpronation.
  • Plantar fibromas are benign tissue tumors or growths on the plantar, or bottom surface of the foot. Unlike plantar warts, which grow on the skin, these grow deep inside on a think fibrous band of ligaments, called the plantar fascia. The presence of the tumor can cause pain or pressure on other parts of the foot structure that can lead to other foot problems.
  • Nonsurgical measures used in treating plantar fibromas often fail to provide adequate relief of symptoms. At the same time, surgical correction can lead to further complications, such as plantar nerve entrapment or larger and recurrent fibromas that may be worse than the original problem.
  • A relatively new procedure applies cryosurgery to freeze and shrink the tumors and is gaining in popularity. This short, outpatient treatment causes minimal to no postoperative pain or disability. Patients return to wearing regular shoes within 24 to 48 hours after cryosurgery.
  • Sesamoids are small bones that are connected only to tendons or are embedded in muscle. This structure appears in only a few places in the human body, one of which is the foot. Two very small sesmoids (about the size of a kernel of corn) are found in the underside of the forefoot near the big toe - one on the outer side of the foot and the other closer to the middle of the foot. Sesamoids provide a smooth surface over which the tendons slide, thus increasing the ability of the tendons to transmit muscle forces. In the foot, sesmoids assist with weight-bearing and help elevate the bones of the big toe.
  • Ankle sprains are caused by an unnatural twisting or force on the ankle bones of the foot, which may result in excessive stretching or tearing of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle. The severity of the sprain can impact the degree of damage as well as the type and duration of treatment. If not properly treated, ankle sprains may develop into long-term problems.
  • Primary symptoms of ankle sprains are pain following a twist or injury, swelling, and bruising.
  • Treatment includes resting and elevating the ankle and applying ice to reduce swelling. Compressive bandages also may be used to immobilize and support the injury during healing. Serious ankle sprains, particularly among competitive athletes, may require surgery to repair and tighten damaged ligaments.
  • To prevent ankle sprains, try to maintain strength, balance, and flexibility in the foot and ankle through exercise and stretching, and wearing well-fitted shoes.


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513-B Great Oaks Drive | Monroe | GA 30655 | Phone: (770) 267-9391 | Fax: (770) 207-7196 | Email: mwshaffer22@gmail.com
1580 Mars Hill Road | Suite A | Watkinsville | GA 30677 | Phone: (706) 769-9200 | Fax: (706) 769-9299

© 2010 - 2012 - Achilles Foot & Ankle Specialist - Dr. Mark W. Shaffer, D.P.M. - All Rights Reserve

We specialize in: Achilles Tendon, Ankle Instability, Ankle Sprains, Arthritic Foot & Ankle Care, Athlete's Foot, Bunions, Calluses, Corns,
Crush Injuries, Diabetic Care, Diabetic Foot Infections, Flat Feet, Fungus Toenails, Geriatric Foot Care, Hammertoes, Heel Pain, Heel Spurs,
Infections, Ingrown Toenails, Injuries, Metatarsalgia, Neauromas, Plantar Fascitis, Warts and Wounds.

Serving Patients In: Walton, Gwinnett, Morgan, Rockdale, Barrow & Oconee Counties including Monroe, Loganville, Grayson, Snellville,
Watkinsville, Social Circle, Walnut Grove, Madison, Winder, Conyers, Athens, Covington, Lawrenceville, Good Hope, Bostwick & Jersey.

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Bunions Heel Pain Diabetic Care