Achilles Foot and Ankle Specialist
Bunions, Heel Pain, Diabetic Care
Foot Anatomy

Foot Anatomy- The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together. Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.

Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:

  • Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
  • Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
  • Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
  • Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
  • Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
  • A think layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.


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513-B Great Oaks Drive | Monroe | GA 30655 | Phone: (770) 267-9391 | Fax: (770) 207-7196 | Email: mwshaffer22@gmail.com
1580 Mars Hill Road | Suite A | Watkinsville | GA 30677 | Phone: (706) 769-9200 | Fax: (706) 769-9299

© 2010 - 2012 - Achilles Foot & Ankle Specialist - Dr. Mark W. Shaffer, D.P.M. - All Rights Reserve

We specialize in: Achilles Tendon, Ankle Instability, Ankle Sprains, Arthritic Foot & Ankle Care, Athlete's Foot, Bunions, Calluses, Corns,
Crush Injuries, Diabetic Care, Diabetic Foot Infections, Flat Feet, Fungus Toenails, Geriatric Foot Care, Hammertoes, Heel Pain, Heel Spurs,
Infections, Ingrown Toenails, Injuries, Metatarsalgia, Neauromas, Plantar Fascitis, Warts and Wounds.

Serving Patients In: Walton, Gwinnett, Morgan, Rockdale, Barrow & Oconee Counties including Monroe, Loganville, Grayson, Snellville,
Watkinsville, Social Circle, Walnut Grove, Madison, Winder, Conyers, Athens, Covington, Lawrenceville, Good Hope, Bostwick & Jersey.

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Bunions Heel Pain Diabetic Care